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unix 2019-05-26 22-44-16

@ 2019.05.19 11:32:07 prg : VNC Server Installation on CentOS 6.5

Version 1.0
Author: Srijan Kishore
This guide explains how to configure VNC-server in CentOS 6.5 server. It is a very convinient way of administrating the CentOS 6.5 with the help of GUI(Graphics User Interface). The GUI can be access any where with the help of the VNC-client on any OS. The basic condition is that the connecting OS must have VNC-clients installed in it.
1 Preliminary Note

In my case I have a fresh installed CentOS6.5 Server on which I will be installing the VNC-server so that I can access the CentOS server with GUI. You can follow the guide for the basic installation of the CentOS server till Chapter 7. Please don't install the Development Tools. All of the cases are same as per the guide. My details are as follows:
IP address

VNC-server benefits
Remote GUI administration makes work easy & convenient.
Clipboard sharing between host CentOS server & VNC-client machine.
GUI tools can be installed on the host CentOS server to make the administration more powerful
Host CentOS server can be administered through any OS having the VNC-client installed.
More reliable over ssh graphics.
More reliable over RDP connections.
2 Installation

I am logged in my system with root, & now I will be installing the VNC-server.

yum groupinstall Desktop
Further install
yum install gnome-core xfce4 firefox
yum install tigervnc-server
Now make the service on after every reboot
chkconfig vncserver on

3 Adding VNC user

In my case I am using user=srijan it will differ in your case. You can use any username for the same.

useradd srijan

Now I will assign the vncpassword for the user with the user I just created before as:

su - srijan

[[email protected] ~]# su - srijan
[[email protected] ~]$ vncpasswd
[[email protected] ~]$

Now I will make the configuration file for the vncserver by creating file as follows:
vi /etc/sysconfig/vncservers
Give the entries like this.
VNCSERVERARGS[1]="-geometry 1024x768"
Here your port comes to be 5901 & 1024x768 resolution for the VNC client, you can choose resolution of your own choice.
Now I will restart the VNC server service as root user:
service vncserver restart
[[email protected] ~]# service vncserver restart
Shutting down VNC server: [ OK ]
Starting VNC server: 1:srijan xauth: creating new authority file /home/srijan/.Xauthority

New ' (srijan)' desktop is

Creating default startup script /home/srijan/.vnc/xstartup
Starting applications specified in /home/srijan/.vnc/xstartup
Log file is /home/srijan/.vnc/

[ OK ]
[[email protected] ~]#
Now to make the changes affective I will kill VNC & do some more configurations as follows:
pkill vnc
Open the file comment the line #twm & & add the line exec gnome-session as follows:
vi /home/srijan/.vnc/xstartup

[ -r /etc/sysconfig/i18n ] && . /etc/sysconfig/i18n
export LANG
export SYSFONT
vncconfig -iconic &
OS=`uname -s`
if [ $OS = 'Linux' ]; then
if [ -e /etc/SuSE-release ]; then
export PATH
if [ -x /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc ]; then
exec /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc
if [ -f /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc ]; then
exec sh /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc
[ -r $HOME/.Xresources ] && xrdb $HOME/.Xresources
xsetroot -solid grey
xterm -geometry 80x24+10+10 -ls -title "$VNCDESKTOP Desktop" &
#twm &
exec gnome-session &

& Finally reboot the machine.
reboot / 2023-12-11_00-31-24 UTC.